If you feel numbness, pins and needles, or pain in the bottom of your foot, you may have a condition known as tarsal tunnel syndrome. These symptoms may also extend to the toes and heel. The cause is likely to be an obstruction under the band of tissue that attaches the inner ankle to the heel and forms the tarsal tunnel. A number of blood vessels and tendons, along with the tibial nerve, pass through the tunnel. Pressure on the posterior tibial nerve may be caused by excess fluid following an ankle injury, fallen arches, footwear that is too tight, obesity, cysts, or bone spurs. A podiatrist can help determine the exact cause of the pain and offer treatment options such as steroid injections, orthotics, and/or braces. In some cases, surgery is necessary. It is a good idea to consult a podiatrist for an examination and diagnosis.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact of . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.